This month's oddball tip:|
Tinder - I don't recall where I heard of this trick, but it works. The single best sort of fire-starting tinder I' ve tried is simple dryer lint. Heck, you have to clean the stuff up in your laundry room to prevent it starting fires. Just save it up in a small, waterproof container for camping trips, or even the fireplace in your den.
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Whoosh today, boom tomorrow:
This is the first of a three-parter: We're going to start by building a rocket motor. Part two will cover fuselage, and part three will detail the launcher. If you liked last month's little toy RPG, you'll love this project.
As always, you need to gather up the ingredients:
- Potassium Nitrate
- 4 inch cardboard tube
- 8 finishing nails
- plaster of paris
If you're a regular reader, you likely already have all this on hand.
Putting it together
Start with the cardboard tube. It needs to be sturdy; if you can crush it between your fingers, toss it find something else. Try the core tube for roll roofing, tar paper, or carpeting. Your tube should be 6 inches long.
You're going to completely cap off one end with a plaster plug. To reinforce the plug (and make sure it doesn't pop out), install four nails around the end, at ninety degree intervals, and half an inch from the edge.
That done, mix up some plaster, set the tube on end (nail end down), and pour the plaster one inch deep inside the tube. The nails should be completely covered.
Let the plaster set, and dry completely overnight.
Because a later stage could get the plaster wet again (and possibly violating its integrity), consider giving the dried plaster cap a coating of epoxy or varnish. "Protect-it" acrylic varnish, available in crafts stores is good.
This is a solid fueled rocket motor based on ordinary model rocket motors, just like we played with last month. This one is going to be just a little bigger, obviously.
The propellent is good old blackpowder.
As always when working with potentially explosive materials, use nonsparking tools; preferably nonmetallic.
You're ready to load the propellent into your motor casing. Press the dough firmy into the cardboard tube. Don't leave any gaps or bubbles. Pack it flat.
Let's avoid any unanticipated booms; press the blackpowder dough in firmly but gently. Don't pound it in. If you use a mechanical press (like an arbor press), apply pressure slowly to avoid friction heat build up.
- With mortar and pestle, grind ten ounces of potassium nitrate to a fine powder.
- Likewise grind two ounces of charcoal.
- If your sulfur isn't already a fine powder, grind it too.
- Mix the powders together.
- Drip in the alcohol to make a thick batter. Mix very well. As the powders absorb the alcohol, and as the alcohol evaporates, the batter should thicken.
You really shouldn't breathe the alcohol fumes; ventilate well.
- Continue stirring (and evaporation) until you have a thick, sticky dough. If you used a little too much alcohol, you may need to let it evaporate overnight.
Leave it overnight to finish drying. All the alcohol must evaporate off before the next step.
Once the alcohol has completely dried, it's time to cap off the remaining motor casing end, and provide an exhaust nozzle. The idea is to contain the gases from the burning propellent and channel them in a single direction for thrust.
Just like the first end, start by placing some reinforcing finishing nails.
But this time, before you pour plaster, you need to allow for the exhaust hole/nozzle. At the exact center of the opening, right on top of the solid propellent, place a half inch dowel, or a half inch (outside diameter) segment of thinwall pipe. When you pour the plaster around this, the dowel/pipe will create an escape hole for exhaust gases (once removed, when the plaster dries of course).
Whatever you use to mold the hole, it must be straight, and perfectly aligned. If the hole points off to one side at all, the exhaust goes that way, and your rocket won't fly straight. If you must, check the alignment of the pipe/dowel with a level, and brace it till the plaster dries.
You should end up with this:
Next month: Rocket body
Rating = Excellent
General Comments = Does the skyrocket require a fast-burning powder? Or will just about anything do?
I used Bullseye pistol powder, but anything should work.
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